Founded in 1994, the MUSC Maxillofacial Prosthodontic Division of the Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery bridges medicine and dentistry together in the collaborative arenas of patient care, research and teaching. The Division’s mission is to be the leader in promoting the highest standards of excellence for patients afflicted with head and neck cancer, trauma, craniofacial defects, sleep disordered breathing disorders, and dental disorders by improving the quality of life and function of patients through patient care, teaching, and discovery of knowledge.
The Maxillofacial Prosthodontic Clinic provides the clinical component of the division with an emphasis on maxillofacial prosthetics, oral oncology, implant prosthetics, nasoalveolar molding appliances and sleep apnea appliances.
The teaching component of the division includes teaching students in MUSC’s College of Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, and College of Health Professions as well as at Clemson University’s Department of Bioengineering.
The research component of the clinic – The Center for Functional Outcomes and Reconstructive Biotechnology – is a multidisciplinary center dedicated to the evaluation of the functional recovery of patients treated for head and neck cancer, trauma, and craniofacial defects. The Center’s mission is to improve the quality of life and function of patients afflicted with head and neck cancer, trauma, or craniofacial defects through discovery, application, clinical efficacy, and outcomes research. The Center structure bridges basic scientists with clinical scientists to facilitate the development of innovative technologies in the focus areas of oral function assessment, 3D imaging, biomechanics, tissue surface interfaces, tissue engineering, and gene therapy.
Extraoral prostheses include orbital, nasal, and auricular prostheses. An orbital prosthesis artificially restores the eye, eyelids, and adjacent hard and soft tissues lost as a result of trauma or surgery.
Resection of oral or mouth cancer can result in defects of the tongue, upper jawbone (maxilla), and lower jawbone (mandible). Defects of the tongue are best restored with a free tissue transfer of either the radial forearm, thigh, or scapula.
Dental implants are used extensively in the rehabilitation of craniofacial disorders such as amelogenesis imperfecta and ectodermal dysplasia.
Radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy may be used in the treatment of head and neck cancers.
A nasoalveolar molding (NAM) appliance is a treatment used for unilateral and bilateral cleft palate babies.
Sleep-disordered breathing (snoring and/or obstructive sleep apnea) is a serious medical condition with the potential to pose serious health risks since it disrupts normal sleep patterns and can reduce normal blood oxygen levels.